April 24, 2024

Mongolia, with its vast and untamed landscapes, offers a celestial canvas for photographers seeking to capture the beauty of the night sky. Star photography in Mongolia is a captivating experience that unveils a celestial symphony against the backdrop of the country’s sweeping plains and majestic mountains. In this guide, we will explore the unique opportunities and challenges of capturing the stars in Mongolia and provide essential tips for creating stunning astrophotography.

The Allure of Mongolian Nights

Mongolia’s expansive and sparsely populated terrain provides minimal light pollution, making it an ideal destination for stargazing and astrophotography. The crisp, clean air of the Mongolian steppes enhances visibility, allowing photographers to capture intricate details of the night sky that may be obscured in more urban environments.

Best Locations for Star Photography

  1. Gobi Desert: The Gobi Desert, with its vast stretches of open land, offers a unique opportunity for capturing the night sky. The lack of artificial light allows photographers to focus on the brilliance of the stars, creating mesmerizing compositions.
  2. Altai Mountains: Nestled in the western part of Mongolia, the Altai Mountains provide a dramatic backdrop for star photography. The rugged peaks and pristine lakes offer diverse compositions, and the high elevation contributes to clearer atmospheric conditions.
  3. Khovsgol Nuur National Park: This northern region, home to Mongolia’s largest freshwater lake, is a fantastic location for capturing reflections of the stars on the calm waters of Lake Khovsgol. The surrounding taiga forests add an extra layer of mystique to your astrophotography.

Essential Gear for Star Photography in Mongolia

  1. Camera with Manual Settings: A camera with manual settings is crucial for astrophotography. This allows you to control exposure, focus, and other essential parameters for capturing the night sky.
  2. Wide-Angle Lens: A wide-angle lens with a low aperture (f/2.8 or lower) is ideal for capturing expansive views of the night sky. This type of lens allows more light to enter, resulting in brighter and more detailed star photos.
  3. Sturdy Tripod: Long exposure shots are a staple in star photography, and a sturdy tripod is essential for keeping your camera stable during extended exposure times.
  4. Remote Shutter Release: A remote shutter release minimizes camera shake, ensuring sharp and clear images. This is especially important for capturing the delicate details of stars.
  5. Lens Hood and Lens Heater: In the cold Mongolian nights, condensation can form on your lens. Using a lens hood and, if necessary, a lens heater, can help prevent this issue and keep your equipment functioning optimally.

Timing and Planning

  1. Moon Phase Awareness: Check the moon phase calendar before planning your astrophotography expedition. A new moon or a crescent moon will provide the darkest skies, allowing the stars to shine more vividly.
  2. Weather Conditions: Mongolia’s weather can be unpredictable, so keep a close eye on forecasts. Clear skies are essential for successful star photography, so plan your trip during periods of minimal cloud cover.
  3. Golden Hours: Take advantage of the “golden hours” during sunset and sunrise to capture the transition between day and night. This can add a touch of natural light to your compositions while maintaining the enchanting quality of the night sky.

Post-Processing Tips

  1. Stacking Images: To enhance the visibility of stars and reduce noise, consider stacking multiple images in post-processing. Software like Adobe Photoshop or specialized astrophotography tools can help achieve this.
  2. Color Correction: Adjust the white balance to bring out the natural colors of the stars. Experiment with different color temperatures to find the perfect balance for your specific composition.
  3. Enhance Details: Use post-processing tools to bring out the intricate details of the stars, galaxies, and other celestial elements in your images. Be cautious not to overprocess, as subtlety often yields the most striking results.


Star photography in Mongolia presents a unique opportunity to capture the celestial wonders against the breathtaking landscapes of this nomadic nation. With the right equipment, planning, and post-processing techniques, photographers can create mesmerizing images that showcase the beauty of the night sky in one of the world’s most untouched and awe-inspiring environments. Embrace the challenge, and let Mongolia’s starry nights become the backdrop for your celestial masterpiece.